Cheque Truncation System (CTS) is a cheque clearing system undertaken by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) for faster clearing of cheques. As the name suggests, truncation is the process of stopping the flow of the physical cheque in its way of clearing. In its place an electronic image of the cheque is transmitted with key important data.
Cheque truncation thus obviates the need to move physical instruments across branches. This effectively eliminates the associated cost of movement of physical cheques, reduces the time required for their collection and brings elegance to the entire activity of cheque processing. It is a system which is practised worldwide in the banking sector.
In India, the RBI has made available inter-bank and customer payments online in near-real time in the form of RTGS and NEFT. However, cheques still remain a prominent mode of payment in the country. Physical cheques still account for 75% to 80% of all transactions.
Since there is no physical movement of cheques, there is no fear of loss of cheque in transit. Usage of CTS cheques also means quicker clearance, shorter clearing cycle and speedier credit of the amount to your account. Depending on whether the cheque is local or outstation, the cheque can get cleared on the same day or within 24 hours.
The biggest advantage is that CTS-compliant cheques are more secure than old cheques and, hence, less prone to frauds. Also, as the system matures, it is proposed to integrate multiple locations and reduce geographical restrictions in cheque clearing.